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What is Land Tax?

Understanding Land Tax:

A Comprehensive Guide for Property Investors

As a property investor with multiple properties or at least one sizable property, it's important to consider land tax as an annual expense alongside insurance, maintenance and repairs, and other financial obligations. Land tax is a recurring payment calculated based on the value of the land you own, exceeding a specific threshold. Since the value thresholds and calculation periods vary between states, it's crucial to stay updated on the latest land tax developments in the areas where you own investment properties. Let's delve deeper into the topic of land tax to gain a better understanding.

How is Land Tax Calculated?

Land tax is calculated using value thresholds and a percentage applied to the land held above the threshold. For instance, in most states, a flat fee is imposed for each value threshold, along with a percentage of the land value exceeding the threshold. In Victoria, for example, land valued between $600,000 and less than $1 million incurs a payment of $926, plus 0.575 percent of the land value above $600,000. Some states also levy additional premiums for land held by trusts or other structures, such as absentee owners.

As your property portfolio and land values grow, your land tax liability will naturally increase. It's crucial to consider this escalation when factoring in your annual expenses as a property investor during the research and purchasing stages. To ensure that your landholdings are structured in the most effective way possible, both in terms of legal and financial protection, it's advisable to consult with your accountant and qualified financial and legal professionals who can assess your specific situation.

When is Land Tax Due?

Land tax is an annual payment, and the due date varies depending on the state (or states) where your land holdings are located. To ensure that you have sufficient funds available when the payment is due, it's recommended to consult your accountant, who can calculate an estimate of the amount you should set aside on a regular basis.

Is Land Tax Deductible?

Land tax paid on rental properties is tax-deductible. Upon completing your land tax registration form, you will receive an assessment notice from the revenue office in your state. Once the tax is paid, you can claim a deduction for land tax expenses. However, it's important to note that deductions can only be claimed if you, as the property owner, pay the land tax directly. Tenants are not responsible for these payments. Deductions are managed by the Australian Taxation Office, so the rules remain consistent across all states and territories.

Whether you own rental and investment properties, commercial premises, factories, holiday homes, or non-exempt land, you will be liable for land tax each year. Taking a proactive approach to estimate and set aside funds for land tax payments is a wise strategy, as it helps avoid unexpected financial burdens or shortfalls when payment is due. For property investors with significant land holdings, the land tax bill can be substantial, emphasizing the importance of addressing it during your annual tax planning sessions with your accountant and qualified legal and financial advisors.


Remember, the information provided in this article is general in nature and should not be considered financial or legal advice. Before making any decisions regarding land tax or any other financial matters, it is crucial to consult with professional financial and legal advisors who can provide personalized guidance based on your specific circumstances.